Special Education in India’s Present Scenario

Special Education also known as special needs educationaided educationexceptional education or Special Ed is the practice of educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. A process that involves the individually planned and systematically monitored arrangement of teaching procedures, adapted equipment and materials, and accessible settings.

Core of special education is the teaching the way child understands, shifting focus from what is taught the content, to how best can this content be presented, such that the child learns. In short, special education is the same approach of those simple modifications in our breakfast meal that our mother does for each of us on the morning table. How she adjusts the bread into some cut smileys, how the crunch on the toast is different of each of her child just the way they want it or best enjoyed.

Matching activity for Learning EvaluationInclusive School 2

It would not be wrong to say that every parent has an eye for the detail as far as likes and dislikes of their child is concerned. Similarly, learners are diverse and so are the needs of each of them. It is the teacher’s responsibility to carefully understand each and every student of his. The core is in understanding specific needs of each child and teaching them what is required and in a manner, they learn and grow.

Pop Up presentation of Day and Night Concept
Pop Up presentation of Day and Night Concept

Under vigilance of RCI there are many institutes that trains and certifies professional on various rehabilitation programes. Courses in speech therapy ,occupational therapy, physio therapy ,special education, psychology, Sign language etc. Amar Jyoti Rehabilitation and Research Centre Delhi, The Spastics Society of karnataka, NIMHANS and NIEPID ,NIEPMD to name a few. Various institutes and disability organisations are in the walk ,committed to improving the quality of life of people with disabilities. The next focus should be in penetration of these worthy crusaders in tier 2 and smaller towns alike. Following an inter disciplinary approach in all rehabilitation activites and viewing special education more holistically that just academics is the need of the hour.

Sample Teaching Learning Material
Sample Teaching Learning Material
TLM
TLM

Present state:

Thanks to Right to Education Act (RTE 2009), schools today are open to idea of inclusiveness, irrespective of disability or ability all children study in the same school. Fr Agnel Multipurpose School Vashi and Podar International School Seawoods are some of the well known schools we know is making a genuine efforts in towards Inclusion in Navi Mumbai.

 

Diverse learner needs in an inclusive school is the biggest challenge to a teacher in the current digital generation. The learning has to be imparted, with modifications and adaptations to get the content across to the diverse learners. To ensure this, regular orientation and periodic checks are required for teachers and support staff. In an inclusive school, if there is no disability orientation for the teacher, there is no modification /adaptation in any form in the teaching learning process.

Class on Personal Hygiene
Class on Personal Hygiene

Like how a 7 year old regular child is taught to communicate in sign language with a friend of his who is speech impaired. How a class mate steers the wheel chair bound child…!!

Buddy who completes notes, and communicates important information from school to home..!

Let’s us work towards a barrier- free, right based society with a bigger responsibility to create the humaneness and embrace differences

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